Skip to main content

Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

See other formats

80                                      FLOHA INIUCA..                     [Mognoliacea.

fusco-sericei. Flares flavi vel aurautiaci, auaveolcntes. Sepala et petala 15-20,
li-2-pollicaria, exteriora oblonga cuncata acutuiscula, intcriora multo augustiora
lineari-obiouga acuta, Cftrpella in spicam. 3-4-poUicarem congesta, subscssilia.

The CJiawpaca of Kheede and Humph ina, adopted by linnuius and all following
authors, and universally recognized, notwthstau ding the brevity of the original de-
scription of Linutcus, is only known as a cultivated tree. Indigenous trees, how-
ever, have been described by "VVallich, Blame, and. "Wight, from the regions investi-
gated and illustrated with so much success by these botanists, which very closely re-
semble the cultivated tree, differing only, it appears to us, in such characters as are
chiefly affected by cultivation. In all, the flowers have the same structure, and the
leaves the same shape and degree of variation. The pubescence is much more con-
siderable in the wild plants described by Wallicb and Blume than in the cultivated
Ch&mpaca, ; and though Wight describes his M. Rheedti as glabrous, his specimens
were in fruit only, whilst flowering ones in our possession from the same localities
are quite as pubescent as M. DoHsoya from Nipnl. Blume has recognized the affi-
nity of his M. pulinervia with M. Mfwpttt \ValL, while at the same time he fully
admits its close affinity to the cultivated C/Mtitipaca, of Java, by relying on characters
for its separation which are of very subordinate importance. For these reasons, after
a very careful examination of all the specimens to which we have access, we have
convinced ourselves that all the synonyms adduced above arc referable to one species.
M. ruftnervis of De Candolle (not of Blume) is a cultivated Mauritius plant ; a spe-
cimen in Herb. Hook., which agrees exactly with thu description, is a luxuriant
young shoot, with copious brown silky pubescence, but with leaves like those of M.
Champactt. De Candolle's specimens were also without flowers, and probably of the
same a<re. It id more difficult to decide whether the Dottsopa of DC Candolle and
Don be the same as that of Wallich, as thu descriptions ' given by the two former
authors of M. Doltsopa and M. Kisopa arc very brief, and so obscure that they can-
not be referred with certainty to cither species, but partake of the characters of both.
In these circumstances, as the original specimens are not available, having been dis-
persed with the Lambertian Herbarium, we have thought it advisable to follow Wal-
lich in the use of the names Boltsopa and Kisopa, considering him in fact as the
authority for the species, wliich he was the first to characterize in a satisfactory

3. M. excelsa (Blume, Fl. Javse Magn. 9, hi adnot.) ; foliis ob-
longis vel oblougo-lanceolatis acutis superne glabris subtus fusco-seri-
ceis aetate glabrescentibus, floribus albis, sepalis cum petalis 12. 
Wall, Cat. 6494 ! Wight, III. i. 14. Magnolia excelsa, WalL ! Tent, II.
Nap. 5. L Z. 

HAB. In Himalaya oriental! temperata, alt. 6-8000 ped. : Nipal,
WallJ Sikkim! Bhotan, Griffith! ct in Khasia, alt. 5000 ^, Simons!
-^(T?l. vere.) <>, .)

excelsa, rainosa. Ramuli rugosi, grisei, punctis callosis conspersi. Gemma
fusco-pubcsceutcs. FoKa coriacca, acuta vel acuminata, superne nitida, subtus Qu-
uiora dense, seniova sparse) tomento brcvi adpresso cinnamomeo sericea* rarius sub-
glabresoentia, 5-8 poll. Jouga, 2-3 lata, petiolo pollicari. AreoU stvpuUw paullo
ultra merliuin petiolum extensa. Aldbastri subsessiles, dense rusco-tomcniosi, bi-
pollicares et ultra, spathis pluribus deciduis involuti. Sepala 3, obovaia, coriacea.
Petala 9-10, anguste obovata, interiora sensini angustiora et breviora. Carpella
secus arhachin 4-8-pollicarem laxe disposita, subsessilia, -J-pollicaria. Semina 1-4.
4. M. lanuginosa (Wall.! Tent. PL Nap, 8. t. 5) ; foliis -oblbngis
vel lanceolatis superae nitidis glabris subtus dense cinereo-tomentosis,
floribus albis, sepalis petaliscum 18.  WalL Cat. 6493 ! TTigJil^ IlL i.
14. M. velutina, DC. Prod. i. 79.